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How to choose a dog?

Autors: AlanPoe

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People who want to get a dog face a lot of questions, especially if this is their first dog. Purebred or mongrel? At a breeder or shelter? Can you understand what kind of character the dog will have? We asked veterinarian Anna Dubakh to tell you what you need to know and what to prepare for if you decide to become a dog owner.

1. Consider if you can become a [URL="https://meduza.io/feature/2017/02/26/kak-vybrat-sobaku"]dog owner[/URL]
Not everyone can keep a dog at home. Consider if your lifestyle allows you to have an animal that requires a lot of attention, time and money.

If the perfect condition of wallpaper and furniture is of fundamental importance to you, think ten times whether you should have a dog. If you work a lot and spend little time at home, it is better not to start a dog: it will get bored, become uncontactful, uncontrollable, and possibly even aggressive. Many people have dogs at a time when a child is to appear in the family. But can you handle the double load?

You have to walk with the dog. On the one hand, this is a wonderful occasion to be outdoors, on the other hand, it imposes certain obligations. Find out if there is a place to walk near your house and if you are ready to get up earlier for this.

The dog needs to be fed. Do not think that she will eat well with you. Your food, even the finest, is not dog-friendly. You need to either cook for her separately, or buy ready-made feed.

If you love to travel or are often on business trips, you will have to leave the dog with someone or take it with you - this is not always easy.

Do not get a dog if you or someone close to you is allergic to dog hair, or if you are alcohol or drug addicted.

Short. Expect your dog to completely change your lifestyle.
2. Decide what you need a dog for and which one
There are decorative dogs, hunting dogs, guard dogs, shepherd dogs. Now on the Internet you can find a detailed description of each breed, information about the characteristics of the temperament, about the predisposition to various diseases, about the attitude towards children and about special needs for training.

Decide for what purpose you want to have a dog. If you are going to walk a lot with the dog in forests and fields, the dog must be quite resilient. If you want to give a puppy to your grandmother so that she is not lonely, do not take a large or hyperactive dog. And children are better off adopting a calm, medium-sized or large dog, because small children are often treated like dolls, resulting in injuries to the dogs.

If you need a dog for protection, give preference to those breeds in which protective qualities are genetically inherent.

The good thing about a purebred dog is that you more or less know what to expect from it. Of course, every dog ​​is different, but there are many qualities in common. Read more, take your time with the choice and remember that the character of the dog is influenced not so much by the breed as by the upbringing and the way it is treated: a fighting dog can become a good-natured nanny, and a Labrador can become an aggressive egoist.

Short. Breeds differ not only in appearance. Study your character traits carefully.
3. Choose not only the breed, but also the breeder
If you have already decided on the breed, carefully consider the choice of the place where you will acquire the puppy. Never buy puppies on the market or through advertisements. Find a cattery with a maximum of information on its website. It's good if such a nursery is advised by friends whom you trust. The site should contain photos of puppies and their parents. Thus, you may already have an idea of ​​what will grow out of your puppy.

When buying a puppy, a sales contract is drawn up, which specifies some important points. For example, it may be written there that you undertake not to transfer the puppy to third hands, and if it is impossible to keep it, return it to the nursery.

Take your puppy only from the kennel, do not meet with the breeder on the street. Look at the conditions in which the dogs are kept. Will they raise doubts in you? Only an experienced dog breeder can afford delivery from another city. If this is your first dog, don't risk it.

The breeder must provide you with the documents for the puppy. This is, first of all, a metric in which the breed, date of birth, sex of the puppy, nicknames of the parents are registered. With this metric, you can then go to the club and register the puppy in your name. In addition to the metric, the breeder can give you a puppy's veterinary passport, it may contain marks about the first vaccination. It is good if the passport contains the stamp of the veterinary clinic, but often in order to save money, breeders buy the vaccine themselves and vaccinate the puppies. Then it's a matter of trusting the breeder.

If you have already read that the dogs of your chosen breed may have some kind of genetic disease, ask the breeder about this. Ask to show the veterinary reports on what examinations were performed on the puppies and their parents. Watch his reaction to your questions.

A breeder is a very important person in your dog's life. When choosing a puppy, choose a breeder with whom it will be pleasant for you to communicate and consult in the future. Let it be a competent specialist who loves dogs, and not just a salesman.

Short. It is very important where and from whom to get a thoroughbred puppy.
4. Consider getting a unique dog
If you need a dog not for breeding, but for the soul, choose the best "breed" - a mongrel. This is an economical, interesting, unpredictable option. Often these dogs are distinguished by good health, because they have undergone rigorous natural selection. But, on the other hand, they have genes of completely different ancestors, and what kind of surprise this or that combination will present you is unknown. But no one will have a second such dog. Watching a mongrel puppy grow and develop is a very exciting experience. Here he looks like a husky puppy, and two weeks later - like a greyhound, but now a beard has either appeared or not, but the ears have risen or ... no, only one thing.

A mongrel puppy can be taken from the street, bought by ad, taken from friends or from a shelter. Try to take a healthy puppy if you are not ready to seriously deal with his treatment.